Wichtigste Übersetzungen. Englisch, Deutsch. gout nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (inflammation of the joints) (Med), Gicht NfNomen, weiblich. gout NO [gu], goût OT SUBST m. 1. gout sans Pl (sens). da-arka.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Gout' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen.
Gout Deutsch Übersetzungen und Beispiele
gout NO [gu], goût OT SUBST m. 1. gout sans Pl (sens). Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gout' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung für 'gout' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. da-arka.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Gout' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "gout" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „goût“ in Französisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: de goût, bon goût, gout, au goût, mauvais goût. Übersetzung im Kontext von „gout“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: of gout.
Übersetzung für 'gout' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. gout NO [gu], goût OT SUBST m. 1. gout sans Pl (sens). Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "gout" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Treatment may include:. Purine-rich food Kinofilme Ende 2014 drink can increase uric acid levels in the blood and are a risk factor for gout, especially Central Intelligence people who already have problems with uric acid excretion. Anakinra may hasten resolution of a flare and shorten the Lebron James stay of a patient with multiple comorbidities that limit the use of the other Mirjam Pressler. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Choose a Traumschiff Sendetermine.
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Browse gourmet. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes. Image credits. In most cases, the cause of urate overproduction is unknown, but a few cases are attributable to enzyme abnormalities; deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase complete deficiency is Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a possible cause, as is overactivity of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase.
Beer, including nonalcoholic beer, is particularly rich in guanosine, a purine nucleoside. Urate precipitates as needle-shaped monosodium urate MSU crystals, which are deposited extracellularly in avascular tissues eg, cartilage or in relatively avascular tissues eg, tendons, tendon sheaths, ligaments, walls of bursae and skin around cooler distal joints and tissues eg, ears.
In severe, long-standing hyperuricemia, MSU crystals may be deposited in larger central joints and in the parenchyma of organs such as the kidney.
At the acid pH of urine, urate precipitates readily as small platelike or diamond-shaped uric acid crystals that may aggregate to form gravel or stones, which may obstruct urine outflow.
Tophi are MSU crystal aggregates that most often develop in joint and cutaneous tissue. They are usually encased in a fibrous matrix, which prevents them from causing acute inflammation.
Acute gouty arthritis may be triggered by trauma, medical stress eg, pneumonia or other infection , surgery, use of thiazide diuretics or drugs with hypouricemic effects eg, allopurinol , febuxostat , probenecid , nitroglycerin , or indulgence in purine-rich food or alcohol.
Flares are often precipitated by a sudden increase or, more commonly, a sudden decrease in serum urate levels. Why acute flares follow some of these precipitating conditions is unknown.
Tophi in and around joints can limit motion and cause deformities, called chronic tophaceous gouty arthritis. Gout increases the risk of developing secondary osteoarthritis.
Acute gouty arthritis usually begins with sudden onset of pain often nocturnal. The metatarsophalangeal joint of a great toe is most often involved called podagra , but the instep, ankle, knee, wrist, and elbow are also common sites.
Rarely, the hip, shoulder, sacroiliac, sternoclavicular, or cervical spine joints are involved. The pain becomes progressively more severe, usually over a few hours, and is often excruciating.
Swelling, warmth, redness, and exquisite tenderness may suggest infection. The overlying skin may become tense, warm, shiny, and red or purplish.
Fever, tachycardia, chills, and malaise sometimes occur. The first few flares usually affect only a single joint and last only a few days.
Later flares may affect several joints simultaneously or sequentially and persist up to 3 weeks if untreated. Subsequent flares develop after progressively shorter symptom-free intervals.
Eventually, multiple flares may occur each year. Palpable tophi develop in patients with gout and can rarely occur in patients who have never had acute gouty arthritis.
They are usually firm yellow or white papules or nodules, single or multiple. They can develop in various locations, commonly the fingers, hands, feet, and around the olecranon or Achilles tendon.
Tophi can also develop in the kidneys and other organs and under the skin on the ears. Patients with osteoarthritic Heberden nodes may develop tophi in the nodes.
This development occurs most often in older women taking diuretics, and these can become dramatically inflamed and misdiagnosed as inflammatory osteoarthritis.
Normally painless, tophi, especially in the olecranon bursae, can become acutely inflamed and painful, often after mild or inapparent injury.
Tophi may erupt through the skin, discharging chalky masses of urate crystals. These sinus tracts can become infected.
Tophi in and around joints may eventually cause deformities and secondary osteoarthritis. Gouty arthritis can cause pain, deformity, and limited joint motion.
Inflammation can be flaring in some joints while subsiding in others. Patients with gout may develop urolithiasis with uric acid stones or calcium oxalate stones.
Complications of gout include renal obstruction and infection, with secondary tubulointerstitial disease.
Untreated progressive renal dysfunction, most often related to coexisting hypertension or, less often, some other cause of nephropathy, further impairs excretion of urate, accelerating crystal deposition in tissues.
Cardiovascular disease , obstructive sleep apnea , nonalcoholic fatty liver disease , and components of metabolic syndrome are common among patients with gout.
The diagnosis of gout should be suspected in patients with acute monoarticular arthritis or oligoarticular arthritis , particularly older adults or those with other risk factors.
Podagra and recurrent instep inflammation are particularly suggestive. Previous flares that began explosively and resolved spontaneously are also characteristic.
Similar symptoms can result from the following:. Acute calcium pyrophosphate arthritis calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate CPPD crystal deposition disease however, calcium pyrophosphate deposition generally occurs in larger joints, is not associated with tophi, and its clinical course is often milder but protracted.
Acute rheumatic fever with joint involvement and juvenile idiopathic arthritis however, these disorders occur mostly in young people, who rarely get gout.
Rheumatoid arthritis RA however, in RA which tends to be symmetrical, more affected joints flare, flares persist for longer, and flares in all joints subside together, whereas in gout, inflammation is usually flaring in some joints while subsiding in others.
Acute infectious arthritis or chronic infectious arthritis differentiation requires synovial fluid analysis. Acute calcific periarthritis caused by basic calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate crystal deposition disease.
Palindromic rheumatism is characterized by acute, recurrent flares of inflammation in or near one or occasionally several joints or tendon sheaths with spontaneous resolution; pain and erythema can be as severe as in gout.
Flares often subside spontaneously and completely in 1 to 3 days. If acute gouty arthritis is suspected, arthrocentesis and synovial fluid analysis should be done at the initial presentation.
Synovial fluid analysis can confirm the diagnosis by identifying needle-shaped, strongly negatively birefringent urate crystals that are free in the fluid or engulfed by phagocytes.
These findings overlap considerably with infectious arthritis, which must be excluded by Gram stain which is insensitive and culture.
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate. Basic calcium phosphate. Crystals that have negative elongation are yellow parallel to the axis of slow vibration marked on the compensator; positive elongation appears blue in the same direction.
Clinically, these have previously been called negative or positive birefringence. However, the baseline serum urate level between flares reflects the size of the extracellular miscible urate pool.
The level should be measured on 2 or 3 occasions in patients with newly proven gout to establish a baseline. Quantitation of urinary uric acid excretion to differentiate between overproduction and underexcretion is no longer recommended; it does not predict a patient's response to allopurinol or febuxostat which decrease uric acid production.
X-rays of the affected joint may be taken to look for bony erosions or tophi, but they are probably unnecessary if the diagnosis of acute gout has been established by synovial fluid analysis and are rarely diagnostic at the time of first flares.
In calcium pyrophosphate arthritis, radiopaque deposits may sometimes be present in fibrocartilage, hyaline articular cartilage particularly the knee , or both.
Ultrasonography is more sensitive although operator-dependent and specific than plain x-rays for the diagnosis of gout. Urate deposition over the articular cartilage double-contour sign and clinically inapparent tophi are characteristic changes.
These findings may be evident even before the first gout flare. Dual-energy CT scans DECTs can also reveal uric acid deposits and can be useful if the diagnosis is unclear based on standard clinical evaluation and testing, particularly if synovial fluid aspiration and analysis cannot be done.
Chronic gouty arthritis should be suspected in patients with persistent joint disease or subcutaneous or bony tophi. Plain x-rays of the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint or other affected joint may be useful.
Joint space is typically preserved until very late in the course of disease. Synovial fluid findings from chronic effusions are usually diagnostic.
Diagnostic ultrasonography is increasingly used to detect a typical double-contour sign suggesting urate crystal deposition, but sensitivity is operator-dependent and differentiation from calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposits may be more difficult to do conclusively.
With early gout diagnosis, therapy enables most patients to live a normal life. For many patients with advanced disease, aggressive lowering of the serum urate level can resolve tophi and improve joint function.
The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease probably increases mortality in patients with gout. Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person.
Common symptoms include:. Some symptoms of gout can be like other health conditions. Make sure to see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
The process starts with a medical history and a physical exam. A fluid sample may be taken from the joint and checked for urate crystals. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general health.
It will also depend on how severe the condition is. Treatment may include:. Talk with your healthcare provider about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
People with gout have a higher risk for kidney stones, due to crystal deposits in the kidneys. They can also have kidney damage.
Crystal deposits in the joints can cause some disability due to stiffness and pain. You can reduce the risk of future flare-ups of gout and decrease their severity by taking medicine as prescribed.
If you are given medicine to take when a flare-up occurs, it is best to start taking it at the first sign of symptoms. Or get medical attention at the first sign of symptoms.
To help prevent episodes of gout:.